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Amazônia Onlus works in and for the Brazilian Amazon rainforest, one of the most biodiverse area on the planet. Covered by primary forest, located 500 km from the historical city of Manaus, the region of Xixuaú is considered of high priority for the conservation of the Amazon forest. The Rio Jauaperi, which marks the border between the states of Amazonas and Roraima, is a black-water tributary of the Rio Negro, located just few Km South of the white-water Rio Branco. Exceptionally rich in biodiversity, the water in the region varies from crystal clear, to white, to almost black.
Been recognised as a Federal protected area on the 5th of June 2018 (see here the news about the Jauaperi RESEX), the area is endowed with a great diversity of plants, fish and animals. Studies have identified more than 40 mammal species in the region, ten of them being on the IUCN endangered species list.

The Jauaperi river is home to less than a thousand traditional inhabitants who make a living by extracting forest products like Brazil nuts, copaiba oil, natural fibres and fish. Xixuaú is the further north of 10 communities located along the river.

The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical forest on Earth, covering 5.5 million square kilometres. It contains 20% of all the fresh water on the planet, is essential for the stability of the global climate and plays a vital role in providing environmental services such as carbon stocks and maintenance of climactic systems in Latin America and beyond.

Despite its importance, the Amazon faces great pressure and challenges: deforestation, cultivation of soya and rice, livestock, mining, demographic change and extreme poverty. Primary forests continue to be lost at an alarming rate. This destruction has complex causes, interconnected with issues of social and economic inequality in Brazil and globally, resulting great pressure on the natural resources of the Amazon forest.

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